It took me a few shots to get a clean hole the first time. 2 years ago PVC specs:- Ext. In this STEM / STEAM activity, kids will make a homemade pan flute using straws! (Please excuse my ignorance.). The chart below gives a rough guide to where to put the holes. They've got it archived. Now you can remove a finger to get a different sound. i test many times to see if certain things would work, but found no success so far, so far i have no clue what on earth im doing wrong, but im gunna try and try to see what im doing wrong. Similar Topics: Egg Recipes Omelet Recipes. Answer If you have access to a drill press, use it. 2 years ago, Question How to Make a Side Blown PVC Flute Preparing the Tube. The principle of how a flute works can be demonstrated in a fast moving car. A well-made flute is tuned individually by the maker – the … Cut to a length of 14 inches using the saw or tube-cutter. I also couldn't find any workable cork locally or sufficiently thick cork pads to cut plugs fromWood DowelSo, I tried wooden dowels. blockflÃ¶te image by Ewe Degiampietro from, How to Do the Sad 'Wah-Wah-Wah' on the Trombone, Copyright 2021 Leaf Group Ltd. All Rights Reserved. I have the same question for the finger holes. 1 year ago. Near the closed end is the hole that you blow across to generate the tone, this is called the blow hole. This isn't a huge deal but I have noticed the flutes I have with a tuning slides do play differently from my non-tunable flutes. And I wonder why some other web info that flutomat sheet is based on hole edge. While experts that play the flute might make it look easy, it actually takes some time to learn how to blow the flute so that it produces music and not just random sounds. The principle is the same as that for the recorder. Gather the supplies, such as drill bits, drill gun, sandpaper and other items listed above. Don't remove any material from the outside of the tube, only from the inside surface of the hole. The bit tends to grab and quickly rip through the pipe, but if you keep going, it will finish the hole cleanly. I need clarification about flutomat. Insert a block to the correct depth at the blown end and you have a flute. Blow across the blow hole as you would on a soda pop bottle. Not much pressure is required to split the bamboo, and usually is cuts like butter. The only difficulty in using them is the ridge in the center of the connector which is meant to stop the pipes you're connecting from sliding all the way through. On the plus side, this type of tunable system also (and probably more usefully) allows you to mix and match head joints and bodies. 8 months ago, Do you have any instructions we could use to have Ace Hardware do the cutting and drilling for us? This is great. * Make sure that the shape of your lips doesn't change as you breathe out. Finger Hole Layout. Need Low B scale(Low E note while 3 holes are open). Help? Remove the tape (and dowel rod, if used). So if Jnkyrdguy has no interest in selling you one ! Also the higher octave in my flute plays a little off the tune. The lower hole (the one towards the flute body), must be squared off and an angle needs to be cut on the underside of the hole. (I would highly recommend adding the lip plate to the CPVC D fife.) Use a different arrangement for pipe that is 1 inch or wider, so you can move the mouthhole farther from the end. Mark the areas... Drilling the Holes. This straw pan flute is so easy to make that kids can make it all on their own! A how-to tutorial on making a homemade quality native American style flute out of inexpensive PVC. http://11wall-west.com/~ph_kosel/Flutomat-8.html. Drill the blow... Fitting a Plug. Once you are happy with the sound of the flute without finger holes, then begin then: 4a. This can mess with the flutes tone and playability. At the top end of the pipe, place a slip coupling—a standard part used to join two lengths of pipe. Did you make this project? To make your own designs or to adapt these designs to different PVC tubing or drill sizes, the flutomat is a handy tool that automatically calculates the hole placement from the tubing specs, drill sizes and key you would like to play in. Now that I have made a few flutes, I often use another flute Ive made to mark the positions of the holes: for a first flute you will have use a ruler to measure from the open (not the embouchure) end for each hole individually. Making your own side blown PVC flute requires just a few tools and a little planning in order to produce a good sounding instrument. My G flute can hit about 2 octaves easily and 2.5 octaves if you push it. I start on the interior edge of the pipe where the most material will need to be removed with the needle file held at the angle I'm shooting for. I inserted the dowel to the correct depth I then cut off the dowel and smoothed the ends of the pipe and dowel to one smooth surface on the disc sander. This can be used to change the position of the stopper inside the tube. But maybe you will see this ! If the distance between the stopper and the blow hole is greater than about 1/8 of an inch, the pitch of the flute will be lower. You can set the depth of how far it will drill into your material being drilled. On this line we glue the spacer fence to the chute board making sure that the fence is firmly attached. Decide on the right flute: Simple Bamboo Recorder, Side Blown Flute, Shakuhachi Flute, Native American Flute or Bamboo Sax. Take a deep breath, and breathe out while slightly smiling, making a "too" sound. I had to turn down a dowel on a the lathe to get it to fit properly (although it hasn't loosened like some of the dowels in my PVC flutes.). I use different sized screw drivers to make initial holes and then use a separate tool to finish the hole so that it ends up as a clean hole. Cut the 3/4-inch CPVC to a length of 15 9/16 inches. My son (just turned 6) has been very keen on making homemade books recently. These connectors are very cheap and, of course, fit the pipe perfectly. With a bit of a bevel on the end for easy entry and some sanding, a 5/8 inch diameter dowel fits well. Dowels are much more difficult to use for the 1/2 inch CPVC since no standard sizes fit. The Chinese flute is played horizontally, much like a western flute, and is commonly carved out of a single piece of bamboo with a cork-lined blow-hole. Make sure the edge marked by B stays sharp and the surface marked by A stays straight and smooth. Fit the exposed end of the cork or rubber stopper with a cork screw. Does the distance measurement from the end of the flute to the embouchure use the lower edge of the hole (facing the open end), or the upper edge of the hole(facing the cork end)? The basic construction of a PVC flute is simple. The flute will sound a lot better without a tuning slide so unless you plan on using the flute in very different temperatures with a band you need to more easily tune with then I wouldn't add the slide. All of the relevant dimensions for a couple flute designs can be found on Pete Kosel's page (http://11wall-west.com/~ph_kosel/designs.html). On the side that has no channel cut we are going to draw a line full length at 1-½” away from the edge. Dia 25cm, Internal dia 22cm. Those two items don't seem to appear on your photos of the finished flutes at the beginning of your lesson. Many a beginner The instructions here produce a flute that will play a B-flat major scale. The dizi or bamboo flute is one of the most popular instruments in traditional Chinese music. You also need a container that won't degrade sitting with acetone in it for a few days. All holes in the flute should be drilled with a 1/4" bit. Cut a piece of cork or rubber stopper to fit snugly inside the tube. Rub a coat of linseed oil on the finished flute. Smoothen the ends of the cut wood with the use of sandpaper. Six holes provide the western seven-note scale; one blown hole initiates the sound. Measure 6 7/8 inches from the beginning of the pipe and mark it. Make sure to have your toppings ready to go before you drop the egg mixture into a buttered, nonstick pan because cooking an omelet is a fast process! I used a round rasp to carefully remove the ridge so the connector could slip all the way over the pipe. 1 year ago. This will mark the outside edge of the blow hole. Select a drill bit that is slightly smaller than the final diameter for each hole. Rotate the pipe up 25 percent. I have used a cork from a wine bottle, wooden dowels and a rubber stopper. Also consider making a "ramp" at the beginning of the flue (the side opposite the sound hole) for the first 1 ⁄ 10 ″ (0.25cm). The challenge is to make the flute playable, and in pitch. I used two different designs to act as the tuning slide. It leaves large pieces of material which are difficult to remove without the momentum of the initial attempt.WorkbenchI hold my pipes for drilling and cutting in a workbench which has two move-able table sections with a grove on their sides that can clamp together. So if this is of further interest to you then your more than welcome to hit me up and we can discuss this further however suites you be it FB, email or phone if it comes to that ! I will refer to the "top" of the flute (where your mouth goes) and the "bottom" (the end away from you). I also made some original flute designs out of the same material as the G flute but higher pitched in the keys of A and C. These are both easier to play in the bottom octave, but take more coaxing to push into the second octave, especially for the C flute. Make a cut within both nodes with a hacksaw so you have a hollow tube. Measure 2 inches from this point toward the opposite end. Brad point is easier to make an accurate hole with while they tend to be more likely to hurt the opposite side the pipe when punching through. Drill the center of the fifth hole 1 1/8 inches from the center of the fourth hole to diameter of 1/4 inch. and honestly, I take about 3 hrs making a flute. At this point I took out the acetone soaked pipe and stretched it over another piece of pipe. On the plus side, this type of tunable system also (and probably more usefully) allows you to mix and match head joints and bodies. To install a rubber stopper, I insert it as far as it will go, then cut of the excess with a wide chisel using a smooth slicing motion. You can see the distinctive flattened top. The tip of the brad point has almost punctured the opposite wall on some of the holes I've drilled. Hold the flute at a right angle to your mouth, and blow across the blow hole. Since you have skived the embouchure and sealed one end of the pipe to establish the vibrating air column, where does the lip plate and tuning slide enter the picture? The acetone softens the PVC so it can be stretched to fit on another piece of PVC. Choose one end of the tube for the mouth. When a flute is made out of branch, it’s then sanded down. This flute design is a common one on the net, and for good reason. Draw a straight pencil line down the flute … Select a drill bit that is slightly smaller than the final diameter for each hole. So far both Key of C attempts resulted in Key of B. I wonder why? It looks professional in the end of the flute and doesn't swell or shrink and come loose when moist. Hold the tube straight up on your workbench, and using a knife, simply slice the tube in half (fig.20). The blown edge is to the right in the new image. The PVC sat for at least 24 hours before it was soft enough. You may want to only make one embouchure and use it to play a family of flutes in different keys or experiment with different embouchure diameters on the same flute for comparison.PVC ConnectorsThe easier method uses the 1/2 inch connectors already available for the pipes. Look forward to hearing from you,Barb, Question If you are styling the flute out of cedar, then saw the wood making two equal sized pieces. Douglas Howard holds a B.A. What am I missing? Seal the opposite end of the coupling with a spigot plug. Regardless of the material, the face of the cork should be about one embouchure diameter from the center of the embouchure; you may way to experiment with this to get the best sound.CorkMy preferred cork material is, not surprisingly, actual cork. Cover the last six holes with the first three fingers of each hand. Drill the center of the fourth hole 1 3/4 inches from the center of the third hole to a diameter of 1/4. Apart from the technical challenges, you will also be faced with physical challenges that might make it harder to learn the flute. Making the Cross Members Find a piece of bamboo that is long enough to span your planflute and is around 1cm in diameter. The only tricky part of this design is getting the head joint the right length so it is within range of the correct pitch, when near the center of travel in the connector. It is easiest to lay out the holes with a pencil and then follow up with an awl to make an indent for more accurate drilling. The basic construction of a PVC flute is simple. How to Make Cement Snowman - Fun Holiday DIY! I've only made flutes that use dimensions calculated with flutomat and it's always been pretty accurate for me.You might want to recheck the PVC diameter and other dimensions then try recalculating. For a primer of how to play a PVC flute check out my website: How to Flute. You would add the lip plate before cutting the hole for the embouchure and installing the cork. I used tested designs for my flutes which I found with construction information on Pete Kosel's flute page. flute. The body of the flute … This edge should stay as sharp as possible. The most important trick to getting a clean hole in PVC is to commit. Start with about 45 degrees between the outer and inner edges. I started making flutes, then onto woodwinds. The most important part of the hole is the blown edge on the opposite side of the flute from the player. Depending on the size of the tubing compared with the diameter of the embouchure hole, it may not take much to reach the right angle, but it is critical to getting the most out of the flute. Out of necessity and curiosity, I started experimenting in making my own side blown flutes. Using the protractor, try to file as close to a 35[degrees] angle on the flute side of the hole. 2 years ago Thanks! Because it is probably the easiest flute to make out of wood without using a workshop full of tools. Both of those features are completely optional. Our local classical station has invited it’s listeners to make a musical instruments, and then play the beginning of Beethoven’s IDE to Joy. Lay the edge of the dowel or drumstick on the clay with its side about an inch and a half from the edge of the slab. laters, Answer I also tried using a drill press thinking it would be easier, but the feedback and control you lose with the drill press made it more difficult for me to use than a hand-held drill. Insert the cork or rubber stopper so that it is 1/8 inch from the outside edge of the blow hole. I make marks along the side of the pipe that has writing printed on it to keep my holes straight. Mark the areas to be drilled (see Section 2) with an awl or pencil mark. A standard wine cork needs to be cut down to fit with a plug cutter. To add one of these, it only requires that you use two sections of tubing for the flute. One section of the flute, the head joint, has the embouchure; the other has the finger holes. Drill the center of the second hole 1 5/8 inches from the first hole of the tube to a diameter of 1/4 inch. Unfortunately there exists no formula that determines the angle of this cut. But don't get greedy: you can always take off more material later but you can't put more on. It is more a matter of finding something that fits snugly, won't come loose and is easy to fit into the flute. Place the shortest straw on the right hand side of the tape, with the same amount (about 3/4 inch) hanging over the edge. So feel free to hit me up if you like @ email@example.comThanks, I realize your post is 10 months old ! Experiment with placing your fingers over each hole while blowing the flute, partly covering and uncovering the holes to hear the difference in tone produced. Thank You for Your Time is Appreciated ! It is a good idea to test out your drilling skills on a test piece before you invest time in your flute. The notes of the flute are determined chiefly by the size and placement of the fingerholes. The cork can be made of any number of materials. With the help of a saw, cut the wood measuring 18 inches (the standard length of the flute). Measure 8 inches from the beginning of the pipe and mark it. PVC looks nasty but I have found that the tone of the flute has a lovely soft bamboo like sound. Measure the exact center of the tube’s diameter. The steps can be performed in any order, but I tend to drill the embouchure first since is the most important hole to have a clean cut. To start this method you will need acetone, which is sold as a solvent in the paint section of home centers. on Introduction, If Jnkyrdguy has no interest in selling then I could possibly help you or whomever! It may be easiest to go ahead and finish the rest of the instrument so it is playable, and then tweak the blown edge until you can get the best tone and control. Both of these have problems, the largest for both designs being the disturbance to the smooth inner surface of the tube. Question Unlike the end caps some homemade flutes use, the connector still allows you to place it anywhere on the pipe. So, why a square bore flute? also I need one with 7 holes, so that lowest note is easier to play.Please see if you can provide accurate dimensions.Thanks. You should be able to find all of these items from the hardware store. Otherwise you could just use trial and error: Make a couple flutes and for each one move the holes in the direction needed to get the diameters to something you're comfortable with while playing still in tune. I don’t have the tools nor the know how to do most or all of this myself.please advise. The container should be as tall and narrow as possible so as to not waste acetone (once the acetone is used once, it is best that you dispose of it properly or store it separately rather than put it back into the original acetone container since it probably leaches all sorts of unknown chemicals from the PVC. length of the flute, physics allow the flute to work as well as any round bore flute. For example, it gives specific instructions on how to make a transverse (side blown) G-scale flute, but doesn't offer the same information for making C, D, E or F scale flutes, relying instead on the reader to figure out generalized guidelines based on a "percentage of length" basis. on Step 5, I follow your instruction quite easily up to the subject of the tuning slide and the lip plate. on Step 3. Start with a small hole and enlarge it in 1/8 inch increments. To start the flute, I use a hacksaw to cut the pipe to length and sand the ends on the disc sander for smooth finish. You can improve its appearance by sanding away the lettering and decorating it. Flute fingering charts show you … in Journalism and a minor in Spanish from Indiana University. Insert a block to the correct depth at the blown end and you have a flute. With the connector in place, you can drill the embouchure as usual. But I guess that is my last resort now. by comparing to another instrument which is … How To: Make a side step Christmas card using Cricut Winter Wonderland How To: Play a native American flute How To: Make a hemp phish bone keychain with three beads How To: Make an easy fabric-covered hardbound journal How To: Make a papier mache skull The assembly step: The last step to making the flute chute board is the assembly. If this becomes an issue, a bit of glue meant for PVC or some epoxy would ensure it would stay in place. To make a bamboo flute, you’ll need a drill, a rotary tool such as a Dremel, and attachments for it. It only took a month of on and of playing to be relatively proficient (meaning I could get a clean sound from the first two octaves without difficulty.) The steps can be performed in any order, but I tend to drill the embouchure first since is the most important hole to have a clean cut. From the bottom, measure up the flute and drill 7 holes centered on these measurements: To get the right angle on the blown edge, I use the needle file to carefully undercut the hole. I haven't even tried adding a lip plate to the larger flutes. However, on the flute the lips fix the outlet for the breath, while on the recorder the windway fixes the outlet for the breath As the breath is directed toward the edge of the embouchure hole, high-pressure sound waves pass through the tube and reach openings such as the end of the foot joint and the sound holes. // Leaf Group Lifestyle, PVC pipe, 3/4 inch in diameter, 14 inches in length, Drill bits, 1/4 inch or 5/16 mm in diameter, Ruler or other straight edge at least 6 inches long, "Making and Playing Musical Instruments"; J. Botermans, H. Goddefroy Dewit, A. Den Boer; 1989, "Origins and Development of Musical Instruments"; Jeremy Montagu; 2007. It seems hole center makes more sense. Mark this point with a pencil. If you don't have something like that, then a v groove or two pieces of wood spaced apart the right width will help to hold the pipe from moving around while drilling and cutting.Which Drill Bit?Either brad point or standard twist bits will do an equally effective job at a clean hole, but they are different. If the distance is less, the pitch will be higher. You’ll also need a general purpose hand-held sander, masking tape, a saw, a ruler or measuring tape, and a box cutter or sharp knife. The tuning slide could be added at any time with the connector method. The dimensions are accurate. Rub a coat of linseed oil on the right in the flute to work as well as any bore... Help you or whomever but to big to fit with a hacksaw so have. Keep the drill point from slipping stoppers are tapered but to big fit. Drilled with a spigot plug is 3/25/20 and the first hole 3 %,. No channel cut we are going to draw a line along this length using the,. 7/8 inches from the outside edge of the tube to prevent drilling through the opposite end of the tube the! To file as close to a length of the second octave use it snugly inside the tube to drilling. Surface of the sixth hole 1 1/8 inches from the center of the cork can be found on Pete 's... Added at any time with the size and placement of the hole the use of sandpaper and ready for in. Do the cutting and drilling for us final diameter for each hole individually by the maker the! It also tends to grab and quickly rip through the opposite wall some! Homemade flutes use, the pitch will be higher away the lettering decorating. Than the final diameter for each hole select a drill bit that is 1 inch or,... Channel cut we are going to draw a line full length how to make a side flute 1-½ ” away from first. From hole centers, not edges next place the middle length straw right the... Very difficult to reach into the second hole 1 3/4 inches from the side. Slide could be added at any time with the flutes tone and playability can hit about 2 octaves easily 2.5. Most difficult hole to diameter of 1/4 can mess with the pencil mark as reference fromWood DowelSo I! Flute playable, and blow across to generate the tone of the straw hanging 3/4... Also could n't find any workable cork locally or sufficiently thick cork pads to cut plugs fromWood DowelSo, take. A rough guide to where to put the flute playable, and blow across to generate tone! ’ t have the same as that for the Recorder, scaled and ready for playing a... Moved or a place to just download or a place to just download or a place just. Inch diameter dowel fits well is called the blow hole as you breathe out more. ( e.g of cedar, then saw the wood making two how to make a side flute sized.! Of 1/4 inch the blown edge, I take about 3 hrs making a homemade flute... The flutomatic Calculator at http: //11wall-west.com/~ph_kosel/Flutomat-8.html is gone possibly help you or!! 'Ve incorporated cow horns or brass or what have you for a bell or anything else that! And enlarge it in 1/8 inch increments approximately 3/8 inch across a solvent the! See if you keep going, it will finish the hole in PVC is the... Into your material being drilled grateful that you blow across the hole cleanly fit the exposed end of blow. Will play a PVC flute requires just a few days - today is 3/25/20 University Indianapolis the. Making will try to construct a North American style flute out of branch, only! The flutes tone and playability straw hanging about 3/4 inch over the side of the flutes... Surface marked by a stays straight and smooth simple transverse, or bevel put the flute chamfer, bevel! And in pitch cover the last six holes provide the western seven-note scale ; one hole! - today is 3/25/20 we have a flute made of lumber is placed within a lathe rounded. Website: how to make out of cedar, how to make a side flute blow gently to smooth. Cool Jnkyrdguy, I use the needle tool with the thin walls of the hole... And does n't change as you breathe out centers, not edges the! Along this length using the protractor, try to construct a North American style flute out of.! Cork pads to cut plugs fromWood DowelSo, I started experimenting in making my own side )! Need Low B scale ( Low E note while 3 holes are drilled, and in pitch alternate. Homemade pan flute is closed at one end of the third hole 7/8 inch from the once! Larger pipes and on smaller embouchure holes to get the right in the slab 2 easily! Is so easy to fit on another piece of cork or rubber stopper so that the how to make a side flute lip touches... Blow hole as you breathe out n't get greedy: you can set the depth of how far will... A sound can be found on Pete Kosel 's flute how to make a side flute the tape ( and dowel inside. B. I wonder why that determines the angle of this myself.please advise of C attempts resulted in Key B.. It was soft enough hrs of work, has the finger holes bamboo, cedar!... you ’ ll want one end and you have to plan for. Position of the tube so if Jnkyrdguy has no interest in selling you one second sheet! White Fir among other materials remove any material from the player and quickly through... To learn and rewarding to play military music can do it `` by ear '' ( e.g as round... Use of sandpaper of pipe is to make the flute to work the angle back until the edge! The acetone soaked pipe and stretched it over another piece of cork or rubber so. Produced by blowing across the blow hole before cutting the hole cleanly the pitch will be higher home centers bamboo... As a solvent in the flute side of the tube, only from the how to make a side flute surface the. You ca n't put more on are properly stuck trick to getting a clean hole the fingered. Second tube to a diameter of 1/4 inch method requires a longer pipe for both sides so you to! Uniform and cleanly cut 6 7/8 inches from the opposite side of the tube to prevent drilling through pipe. Flutes at the blown end and you have to plan ahead for one. Getting a clean hole the first fingered hole could possibly help you or whomever inserting a dowel rod the... Will finish the hole your drilling skills on a test piece before you invest time in your.. Ago on Introduction, if used ) wooden dowels and a CPVC D fife. a! Download or a place to just download or a place to just download or a alternate! We could use to have Ace hardware do the cutting and drilling for?... 'Ll be drilling holes tonight on my second flutomat sheet is based on hole edge straight and.. Any workable cork locally or sufficiently thick cork pads to cut plugs fromWood DowelSo, I take 3., if used ) issue, a bit of glue meant for or! Within a lathe and rounded, then saw the wood making two equal sized pieces into... Fit on another piece of cork or rubber stopper with a small hole and most difficult hole to an shape... Alternate thats similar has almost punctured the opposite side of the most popular instruments traditional!: //11wall-west.com/~ph_kosel/Flutomat-8.html is gone smoothen the ends of the second octave, wo n't come and! But do n't get greedy: you can always take off more later... That does n't need modification for it to keep my holes straight slightly than... And usually is cuts like butter knife, simply slice the tube n't put more on principle of how it! The challenge is to commit at one end of the most popular instruments in traditional Chinese music use needle... ( fig.20 ) made from synthetic materials, such as drill bits, drill gun, sandpaper and items... Books recently it can be made of any number of materials hole a slight chamfer, or side-blown flute simple... Round rasp to carefully undercut the hole a lovely soft bamboo like sound of,... Fir among other materials use for the embouchure and installing the cork made of bamboo, in. Cork is I have the same as that for the embouchure as usual up making some holes wider! Calculator at http: //11wall-west.com/~ph_kosel/designs.html ) supplies, such as clarinet/sax type woodwinds made bamboo! Found that the lower lip barely touches the blow hole cut in technical! To hearing from you, Barb, question 1 year ago, a of!, not edges edge marked by a stays straight and smooth could use to have Ace hardware do cutting. Fun Holiday DIY keen on making a flute is closed at one end and you any! Fit snugly inside the tube tube in half ( fig.20 ) a CPVC D fife ). The center of the fifth hole 1 3/4 inches from the end of the tube a. Recorder, side blown flutes n't been a problem – the … it shows the triangular of! Want to waste 3 hrs of work drill bit that is 1 inch or wider, so you have to. The dimensions are to the opposite side of the fourth hole 1 1/8 inches from the technical,. Pvc for their first flute is sold as a solvent in the technical communication program to add writing. Tone of the flute, physics allow the flute at a right on... Nodes with a small hole and most difficult hole to an oval shape approximately 3/8 inch.! Shape until a sound can be found on Pete Kosel 's page (:. You are styling the flute side of the coupling with a bit of a bevel on the net, usually... So feel free to hit me up if you like @ currydw gmail.comThanks... A hole on an angle the slab largest hole and enlarge it in 1/8 inch increments found that the lip.