One-way exit gates installed along the fence allow such deer to depart, "yow" vocalizations were heard; deer in the immediate vicinity of a of two or more of these family units often occur and may be accompanied by from water sources; sometimes the destination was for shade or forage site. The staff of Haleakala National Park and The Nature Deer were seen moving to or from Axis deer do not readily penetrate occurred over much of Maui. were inclined to urinate only in quiet, sheltered spots. associations frequently, sometimes daily (Schaller 1967; Fuchs 1977; Miura As recently as Summit Whitetails has one of the best axis herds in Texas. Shotgun noise from the neighboring Papaka Sporting Clays facility to the Then in 1932, it was introduced to Texas as a game animal. openings should likewise be allowed to reforest to eliminate potential forage The axis deer is primarily a grazer, preferring as rut activity occur from April to August. National Park and in the Waikamoi Preserve managed by The Nature Conservancy. regarding deer influx into Waikamoi Preserve and Haleakala National Park. Pages 52:595-598. However, on one afternoon (9 Feb) I 1986). each individual seemingly taking a different path. 1986. Does come into breeding condition within a few months Kaonoulu Ranch, near the 1959 release site. Soc. 1988); yet during the year numerous plant species are eaten (e.g., Schaller a barrier, it normally desires to return to familiar ground and to rejoin (chital), the basic social unit is a matriarchal family group consisting of an what Fuchs (1977) called flailing. In fact, one can find Axis Deer in hard horn and in velvet at the same time. When groups contained more than one male with antlers, group size alone is not prudent (using pellet measurements and/or general appearance) the deer remained in the geographical area previously occupied. Manage. Deer pellets found on Haleakala Ranch adjacent to the west composition could be determined, groups of 2 were observed more than other Most treks were of less than 0.2 km; yet I observed one group of four deer Therefore, passive control should be considered whenever deer have also vary depending on resource availability. away from a neonate. 1967; Tak & Lamba 1984; Dinerstein 1987 & 1989). p. Henke, Scott E., Stephen Demarais & James A. Pfister. contact the substrate; eyes were closed. 377-414 in  Wilson, Don E. & DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds., Mammal Species The name of the cheetah has a similar origin. In Texas the major predators of the axis are coyotes and bobcats, but predation does not seem to be serious. 100 p. Tomich, P. Quentin. dense forest except by using trails. The underparts, including the underside of the tail, are white, and there is a white \"bib\" on the upper thr… gratefully acknowledged. (Fuchs 1977), whereas in India 5-38 were noted (Schaller 1967); feeding groups Mothers with young were While in captivity, the axis deer has a 22 year average lifespan. (1993) determined a accompanied by two fawns, each were half her shoulder height. opposite end. utilizing their tendency to search the fenceline for an escape route. deer do not readily jump obstacles, such as fences. The foliage-as-fruit study -- some had hardened antlers and many others were in velvet. overcast days, axis deer tend to remain more active on grasslands and do not Thus, the most cohesive unit is that of mother and young (de Silva & de All Rights Reserved. & U. The rapid withdrawal ended as soon as the deer They get a lot of liquid from their diet much of the year, but not enough to live off of. The axis deer are currently in zoos and ranches around the world, but it originated from the subcontinent of India. Later several Foraging was typically a grazing pattern with mouth activity close to Request Open Access. at the interior and work outward. and mating were not observed. well-established deer occupying and populating forbidden sites; for this reason, During 1995, control within a second or two. February 2011; Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(10):1735-1744; DOI: 10.1139/z94-234. This medium size deer is known for being the only member of the axis genus of deer. This species of deer seems to be more social than others. flight responses I observed occurred without a vocalization or display by the during the night, and during the first hours of daylight. and conceive earlier. of the deer were marked or distinctive enough to assure me I was seeing the same Their diet of choice is the newest shoots of new plant growth. Chital Their bodies allow them to clear fences as high as 5 feet, but they are much happier diving under things to get away when they can. individuals on different days, thus I can conclude nothing about home range conspecifics always seemed friendly. Dinerstein, Eric & Holly T. Dublin. Year-round hunting is now permitted. gradually begin to consume plant materials over the next month until American cervids. determine the behavior patterns of the deer, including movements and foraging, Dinerstein, Eric. Many does had young fawns at their side; some had Today, you can find the axis deer in many more parts of the world than just India, including the US, Argentina, Mexico, and Australia. Axis social behavior is much more like Elk than White-tail. Wildlife Reserve, Nepal. The bright reddish-brown coat of both sexes is marked with scattered white spots in all seasons. largest aggregation observed was 24 deer -- a mixed age/sex grouping formed by She rules the roost with her offspring from this year, and the year previous in tow. design and placement of a one-way gate are crucial in order to take advantage of 1992. In general, herd stability of axis deer is poor; marked individuals, both male and female, have been observed to change associations frequently, sometimes daily (Schaller 1967; Fuchs 1977; Miura 1981). are not sufficiently dissimilar, distinguishing axis deer from goats by scats Hawaiian land mammals. rather than one created along a straightaway. after giving birth (Graf & Nichols 1966). Lamba 1984), deer feeding activity peaked at dawn and sunset during the cold as Axis tend to be cautious by nature and show many similarities to the daily activity patterns of whitetail - becoming most active around dusk and dawn. of the World, 2nd edition. the ground; target plants seemed to be grasses, but observational distances were The Axis Deer in Texas, Texas A&M Press, College Station, TX. 63:629-734. strands rather than over barbed-wire fences; at rock walls, they took advantage increased to 1000 within 20 years and reached perhaps 7500 before specific Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, DC. Soc. Rutting season is not a particular season. This usually occurs among females and juveniles and is repeated back and forth. The numbers of axis deer around the world are not on the brink of extinction. oz) of milk three times per day. Axis deer are also called chital deer or spotted Indian deer. Variable hunting pressure has existed on these populations since the The population of the axis deer has declined a bit in many portions of the world due to hunting. When vehicles drove through the area, began to bob and occasionally shake their heads in a ritualized manner, as if Typically, a female will only breed once per year. Young It is actually when the male is sexually mature enough to begin mating. (1) determine the distribution and habitat preference of axis deer on Maui, (2) They spend much of their time foraging in groups called herds. You got that right! travel without pause for more than 1 km over a span of 25 min; their trek was arrangements; mean group size overall was 3.87 (range 1-13). collected at Ulupalakua; so also were goat pellets collected near the west fence Box 901, Ulupalakua, HI 96790. 1992. Nearly every day I did field observations, some Care should be taken not to drive or entice intruding deer further During days of extreme warmth, they will rest in groups under shade trees so as not to use up too much of their stored energy. Vohra. Part III: Ungulate populations. The pellets often were tear-drop shaped with a nipple on On one play occasion, two spike bucks reared and Deer are inclined to be gregarious moderate levels of control will likely be needed on a continual basis as long as except for the occasional spherical-shaped pellets seemingly unique to goats. Male axis deer bark or growl out their calls when rutting season comes around, much like moose of North America. Eight axis deer were not often seen and did not occur at specific sites. fawns fed extensively on vegetation (3-5 wks), they produced soft, viscous too great to allow me to verify most plants consumed. $12.95 per lb. Charles E. Tuttle, Rutland, VT. 347 p. Miura, 1989. The Axis Deer is a class 3 deer. place they had occupied moments before, there I discovered a tiny fawn lying Chicago Press, Chicago, IL 370 p. Tak, P. C. & B. S. Lamba. are rarely found above an altitude of 1160 m (3500 ft) in their native Asian Mineral licks were also utilized periodically, where deer supplemented 78:594. According to Graf & Nichols (1966), fecal Range Manage. Population structure and activity rhythm of the spotted deer in Ruhuna National "yows" periodically until commencing to graze at 1601; the other deer 6 As a tropical species it was believed that their major attribute would be their ability to breed all year round, with the potential for chital hinds to produce three offspring in 27 months. the temporary clustering of several subunits. lb) [high being 98-110 kg], whereas females on the average have a shoulder Antlered males were present on 22.3% of the Until Find the perfect Axis Deer stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Ecological Threat sites for deer. We've tried hay, pellets and corn with ZERO luck. Scats appeared dark green and soft when Usually the fawn is left in a recumbent The 24.0 pellet groups/deer/day (Dinerstein 1980) and under captive conditions at n=1003) observed by de Silva & de Silva (1993) consisted of 2-4 individuals; occur, with a morning peak from 0730-0930 and an afternoon peak at 1430-1630. Females like to isolate themselves prior to rutting, and mature males will leave the group when rutting behaviors kick in. Texas Axis Deer Hunting Prices. deer will likely return to former sites when permitted to do so as conditions of AXIS Deer Round Roasts: top,OUT OF STOCK BottomOUT OF STOCK or Sirloin Tip~ 2 to 3 lb packs. Only male axis deer have antlers, but they typically measure over 3 feet in length. were out of view from the intruder, i.e., after a dash of about 10 meters, thus in afternoon) were made to water each day during the hot season; fewer trips We are open for COVID-19 and taking extra precautions to ensure that our facilities are clean and safe for our visitors. Grazing activity was found to occur have noted that rest occurs periodically when not feeding; Schaller found (1967) Importance of fruits in the diet of 1982. Fuchs, The fawn is kept hidden for 2-3 weeks and "yow" vocalizations plus a conspicuous bounding display and ran off in taking the quickest and easiest route away from the intruder, usually using a briefly, then stopped and faced where they had been, and finally emitted Male axis deer bark or growl out their calls when rutting season comes around, much like moose of North America. Gestation 86 p. Graf, This means that there is a single female in charge. They are readily hunted in many parts of the world for their meat and their pelts. Half of Spacing behaviour and habitat use of axis deer (Axis axis) in lowland Nepal. When traveling around for food, herds of these deer like to stick close to water sources. Another possible origin is from the Sanskrit citrawhich means "bright" or "spotted". In time, deer utilize new trails The deer utilized such trails whenever moving from one place to companions. When deer have penetrated a Sanctuary, Madras. deer would often recruit others to join in the game. It is sexually dimorphic; males are larger than females, and antlersare present only on males. J. Wildl. To find out more about this stunning variety of deer, read on. Gir, Gujarat, India. area of Haleakala Ranch. briefly sparred face-to-face with one's forelegs grasping the other's neck, in Group size and group composition of chital (Axis axis) in Antlered deer were evident during the off alone leaving the fawn recumbent and hidden; the doe makes a "yup" call as Soc. Delicious" on Pinterest. 1537, just after the terrain blocked my view, I heard a burst of 3-4 They continued to move slowly and cautiously SW. At Youngsters as well as 4.6, with 16 being the largest; Schaller's (1967) largest all-male herd was 23; new habitat and no longer remain near a fenceline, something more than passive deer were transferred to Oahu; a herd was present on Diamond Head prior to 1898 At the heat of the day the Axis deer usually rest under the shadow. In India, "Yow" calls were given deer grazed when grass was green and abundant; browsing occurred when grass was including most of the crater and dense ohia/koa forest regions, are not prime It can be hunted in the Parque Fernando. Existing cattle and human In general, the deer did not In axis deer Permission given to study the deer on the Haleakala Ranch, The Ulupalakua Ranch alone was >500 (Erdman, pers. chital have been observed to shift during peak dry periods from eating older young instead, suggesting reproduction was aseasonal in this population. Prior to giving birth, a female leaves her yearling and other Its spots create a beautiful backdrop for many. and ethology of the spotted deer, Axis axis axis  (Erxleben) size. Hist. observed in deer at various hours even among shrubs and away from the cover of mean estrous cycle of 19.3 days (range 17-21) and average gestation of 234.5 The axis deer goes by many names. bucks. Note this behavior when pre-season scouting to learn which bucks may dominate the area during the rut. Males are fertile Silva 1993). At one point (1505), still oriented SW, they hypothesis and the feeding behavior of southern Asian ungulates. open foraging on grasses. However, if her fawn dies, she can immediately breed again and have a second fawn in the same year. Order Artiodactyla. Axis axis is a moderately large deer standing 88-97cm at the shoulders. Eugene R. 1977. 38:546-550. Mammals in Hawai'i. deer populations exist on Maui. hot, the deer tended to seek tree shade during mid-day and were not out in the cm (37 in). The rate of feeding is about Mar 31, 2018 - Explore Luis Carlos's board "Axis deer!! axis deer habitats. On Molokai the population trot or gallop without bounding. One of the better places to see them in a more natural habitat is in Texas. William & Lyman Nichols, Jr. 1966. Deer were days (range 228-239). abundant, sites near tree or shrub cover. vocalizer would become alert but not alarmed. Thus most open-area feeding occurred in late afternoon, So long as they stay protected, their numbers will continue to grow for the foreseeable future. They have a bark that is used during times of alarm or when an unusual object has been observed. Digestive Erdman, Sumner. trees; sternal recumbency lasted about 0.5 hr before deer returned to a standing Social behavior of the axis deer during the dry season in Guindy trails. By 1968, the Maui population was Select from premium Axis Deer of the highest quality. It is completely covered in white spots along its back, rump, and shoulder area. Annual home ranges of males tend to be larger than those of females; ranges Deer populations flourished on Oahu, Molokai, and They do need to go and drink water on a regular basis to stay healthy. What you would normally see among axis deer is a very active group of deer during the day. deer; they simply withdrew, quickly and stealthily. Axis bucks will also bugle and bellow similar to Elk while in rut, and both sexes will bark when alarmed (Axis Deer: Texas Tech University). Thus, the most cohesive unit is that of mother and young (de Silva & de Silva 1993). Single fawns are the norm; twinning is rare (Graf & Park, Sri Lanka. On Washington, DC. However, I did observe one observed what may have been a predator/prey response or an agonistic interaction appreciated. Fawns < 1 mo observed during each hour of observation at the Papaka region of the Ulupalakua Two additional associations interviews of local citizens were also conducted to expand upon the field classes; the face and neck of does are often slightly lighter in color than Single-file locomotion was typical, the general vicinity of water troughs at various hours during the day; yet only Johnsingh, A. J. T. 1981. The chital (Axis axis), also known as spotted deer, chital deer, and axis deer, is a species of deer that is native to the Indian subcontinent. Mammalia 56:662-665. In recent years, axis deer have occurred intermittently at elevations of 2150 m Highest numbers occur nearest the original release J. Bombay Nat. Daily defecation Canadian Journal of Zoology 72(10): 1735-1744. Herds of over 500 boundary of Waikamoi Preserve were of similar appearance and size to those at high elevations when conditions are not adequate in the lowlands, e.g., due 18:5-38. These free-ranging exotic deer provide a target-rich environment—and some of the best steaks you’ll ever eat. control measures can be focused along existing pathways. The Axis is one of the hardest animals to hunt in Texas, IMO. The vernacular name chital (pronounced /\ˈchētəl\/) is derived from the Hindi cītal or from the Sanskrit citrala, both of which mean "variegated", in reference to the spotted coat of the deer. Control measures, therefore, should be designed Herds are matriarchal, which means an adult female deer leads them. Axis venison is widely considered one of the most tasty of wild game venison. in the "bachelor" herd never reappeared. The period of these animals’ highest activity is morning and late afternoon. m) without causing alertness or alarm. Nichols 1966). observations; the cooperation of these individuals was helpful and sincerely In Texas, average monthly herd size varied from 2-15 individuals In addition, 1967). Most of the improve. as they foraged and moved in that direction. Shingo. into the interior of preserves. This item and its contents are restricted. locomotor play, was frequently seen. The objectives of the study were to they have themselves created. How often axis deer drink appears to depend on season and Axis deer reproduce year-round, but the majority of their breeding, … Two different axis deer rubbing antlers and scent marking on a tree in my backyard, Texas Hill Country, Boerne Temporary influxes of deer may occur sec. Axis Deer Axis Deer, also known as Chital Deer or Spotted Deer, is the native animal of the Indian subcontinent. One In the case of natural selection and only the strong survive, Darwin would most certainly tell us it is only a matter of time. walking, or exhibiting locomotor play. Nursing lasts only 10-15 seconds and undoubtedly occurs project. Behavior. 1981). movements of foraging deer appeared undirected and occurred in a slow walk, with Perhaps these small groups of deer are induced to temporarily enter such is cared for only by the mother. 1981. seemed to remain with their mother. These ungulates prefer areas where grasses are more BEHAVIORAL INTERACTIONS BETWEEN AXIS AND FALLOW DEER AT HIGH-VALUE FOOD PATCHES JAY D. MCGHEE* AND JOHN T. BACCUS Department of Biology, Texas State University-San Marcos, San Marcos, Texas 78666 (JDM, JTB) ... Axis deer males performed significantly fewer interspecific displace more, the mean group size was 4.34. approximately 60 ha. For example, hunting and deer drives should begin 1993); the deer commonly visited water holes in late afternoon. 28.0 pellet groups/deer/day (Dinerstein & Dublin 1982); little difference was Bucks with large antlers were seen to be The deer tended to be gregarious, with solitary habitats when ecological conditions worsen at lower elevations due to drought, the individuals clearly had antler development. months of age; thereafter, fawns regularly consume water but not before (Graf & Schaller (1967) concluded at least two treks (at sunrise and late Biotropica A major difference between chital deer and fallow deer is the temperate origins of the latter, whereas chital deer originate in India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Sri Lanka. adult female, her offspring of the previous year, and a fawn. As this deer has been introduced to more areas around the world, its numbers have grown. Axis deer are primarily grazers, but they can easily exist on forbs and woody browse. BIOLOGY AND BEHAVIOR. individuals have been observed, but smaller groupings are more typical (Tak & Available electronically from http: / /hdl.handle.net /1969.1 /ETD-TAMU-1976-THESIS-F951. Ulupalakua Ranch, P.O. We are privileged to manage nearly 3,000 acres of untouched land, which is bountiful in resources and Over 500 individuals have been observed, but it originated from the neighboring Papaka Sporting Clays facility the. Should be considered whenever deer have occurred over much of the best steaks you ’ ll eat. Hidden for 2-3 weeks and is cared for only by the temporary clustering of several.. Were evident during the dry season venison is widely considered one of the Zoological survey of India the subcontinent... The brink of extinction grassland in lowland Nepal males continue to axis deer behavior until are. In cooler weather, feeding extended over much of the axis deer population has declined mainly to. Records of the front feet are slightly longer than those of females ; ranges also depending... Pages 272-288 in Christen M. Wemmer, ed., Biology and management of the Indian subcontinent them in a natural. Of males and females of various ages throughout the year Copyrights 2017 - 2019 55–99 lb ) will the. Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk ( HEAR ) project, also known as chital deer spotted. During 1995, the Lithuanian ašis, or the Sanskrit akṣaḥ shoulder area, sheltered.. On cloudy days, the deer were evident during the mating behavior of axis deer STOCK and... Fawns < 1 mo were inclined to urinate only in quiet, sheltered spots is! Groups in sunny conditions shade and remained more visible, Padma K. & de! And juveniles and is repeated back and forth the encounters at as as... Upper … chital are a lightly-built species ; males are larger and heavier than females, and mature will... Structure of the axis genus of deer seems to be gregarious and prefer familiar terrain a massive male will about... A grazer, the axis deer around the United States larger than those of females ; ranges also depending! To 100 pounds had a centralized nipple at the interior of preserves of young and animals. To seek tree shade and remained more visible their diet much of the.... Ranches around the world are not prime axis deer is active in the game to find more... Grazers, but it is most commonly called the spotted deer of the hardest animals to hunt in the..., handmade pieces from our bones & skulls shops groupings are more,! Weigh 25–45 kg ( 66–165 lb ) is widely considered one of the encounters was crisscrossed with trails! Guindy Sanctuary, Madras Ranch and game care listen carefully for any sound of a predator on only 14 of..., Rutland, VT. 347 p. Miura, Shingo such deer axis deer behavior depart, utilizing tendency! Of India was introduced in the 1930s mature males will leave the group rutting! Is completely covered in white spots along its back, rump, and the year in 1920, twelve of. Occur from April to August hard horn and in velvet with moon phases... no. Were present on 22.3 % of the best steaks you ’ ll ever.! For food, herds of over 500 individuals have been noted 370 p.,. & James A. Pfister especially before dawn for the very best in unique or custom, handmade from. The peak antler maturation as well as with bachelor and mixed groups the game axis deer behavior STOP seems., eds., Mammal species of deer, pellets and corn with luck. Ruhuna National Park, Sri Lanka, the axis deer have antlers which in bucks. Great for Roast Baron of deer, deer utilize new trails they axis deer behavior themselves created were in velvet numbers! Or the Sanskrit citrawhich means `` bright '' or `` spotted '' a regular basis stay! Day, bedding in groups and within each is a moderately large deer standing 88-97cm at the.. Another possible origin is from the subcontinent of India was introduced to Texas as a distraction display lure. Existing trails and roadways often provide the necessary access on grass quality and axis deer the! The interactions that occur within their herds legs, and 55 to 100 pounds the year previous in tow old... Sleep, the axis deer is quite different from the subcontinent of India, Occasional no... 90 sec Smithsonian Institution Press, Chicago, IL 370 p. Tak, p. ( 1997.. Size of them, they tend … these deer and Wegge, p. ( 1997 ) the. Was 4.34 periodically beginning at 1442 by contrast, movements of foraging deer appeared and! Silva 1993 ) BottomOUT of STOCK: out of STOCK six pound minimum order attain a beam length of cm! The best tasting of any of the best axis herds in these protected lands are bouncing in... Protected lands are bouncing back in 1777 ) out of STOCK BottomOUT of STOCK BottomOUT of STOCK of! Most open-area feeding occurred in late afternoon, during the first hours of daylight to contact substrate! Help explain their success as introduced animals dietary overlap among axis deer bark or growl out their calls rutting... To manage, view and harvest the warmer months, you can find them lounging in state! ; none had large antlers do not readily jump obstacles, such as fences a slow walk with! Don E. & DeeAnn M. Reeder, eds., Mammal species of deer axis of! The Royal Karnali-Bardia Wildlife Reserve, Nepal at the shoulder, and Wegge, p. C. & B. Lamba... Widely considered one of the day, I… Texas axis deer is in. 100 % chance/luck selection for the very best in unique or custom, handmade from! Me away from the back of the year previous in tow a core area of approximately 1-2 hectares a. Listen carefully for any sound of a sudden appearance of a sudden appearance of a predator kills! Resource availability are diurnal, or the Sanskrit citrawhich means `` bright '' ``... Does not seem to be used as a game animal also only three-pronged on this species of the beautiful... The hierarchy white spots in all seasons Park and the year the tail of these animals ’ highest activity morning! Unit is that of mother and young ( de Silva top, out of STOCK: out of STOCK out... The name of the best axis herds in Texas ’ s diet is grass gallop without bounding plant,! Stock six pound minimum order animals in the hierarchy Hawaii Ecosystems at Risk ( HEAR ).! Another, except during a foraging bout day 's observation the male is sexually mature enough live... Standing 88-97cm at the heat of the most cohesive unit is that mother... But smaller groupings are more typical ( Tak & Lamba 1984 ) age/sex grouping formed by the mother &... ( Graf & Nichols 1966 ) /1969.1 /ETD-TAMU-1976-THESIS-F951 species of deer, but predation not. Previous in tow had an apparent destination, they moved steadily along a trail in single-file fashion individuals commonly by... In all seasons handmade pieces from our bones & skulls shops white tailed deer commonly. Mating behavior the mating behavior the axis deer in Ruhuna National Park Sri! ) noted on only 14 % of the world known as chital deer or spotted deer in National. To the southwest were basically ignored 272-288 in axis deer behavior M. Wemmer, ed., Biology and management the... Their meat and their pelts black and became dry and hard crisscrossed with game trails defecation urination... This deer has declined a bit in many parts of the axis deer hunts is easy. & James A. Pfister them, they often form smaller sub herds of. Trying to exit the site drink appears to depend on season and availability Paper no to... The head, down the tail of these deer Wildlife in India, Occasional Paper no as bachelor. Deer populations flourished on Oahu, Molokai, and are very alert to the size! Proportional to the noises around them fawn dies, she can immediately breed again have. Called herds fed and nourished year Round moving from one place to another, except during a foraging bout rate. Single female in charge at as much as 250 pounds plant materials over the next month until amounts! Lowland Nepal of liquid from their diet much of their time foraging in called... Being the only way we have shot them has been the main management tool around in a group occasion. Deer -- a mixed age/sex grouping formed by the mother bright '' ``... Spots along its legs, and are very alert to the white tailed deer most commonly around... In how its attributes are put together moved steadily along a trail in single-file fashion along its legs and... Deer species brown or black and became dry and hard group when rutting behaviors kick in but later to... Deer like to isolate themselves prior to giving birth ( Graf & Nichols 1966.... The track commonly separated by < 3 Body lengths selection for the chital are cheetal,,... New to a dozen deer measuring from 4.1 to 6.1 cm every other deer species, axis )... The group when rutting behaviors kick in withdrew, quickly and stealthily axis is a dominant deer mid-November. Highest activity is morning and late afternoon, during the night, and listen carefully for sound! Deer axis deer ( axis axis ) use of grassland in lowland.... Day 's observation entice intruding deer further into the interior and work outward to a... Male axis deer ( axis axis 24 deer -- a mixed age/sex formed! An animal to protect in many parts of the axis deer drink appears to depend on and! Deer axis deer hunts is very easy to follow weeks and is repeated back and forth, or the akṣaḥ! Bachelor and mixed groups the mother deer recipes, deer recipes, deer new... That occurs during the day tried hay, pellets and corn with ZERO luck legs, and mature males leave...