Perennial. Avoid the use of supplemental fertilizer as this encourages weeds at the expense of the native plants. It does well on marginal soils. With the concerns of foreign fuel dependency and greenhouse gas, these bioenergy conservations are necessary and also helps to strengthen our local farm economy. Soil moisture should be available for a month after sowing. Ideal Conditions: Plant 5-6 PLS lbs per acre late May-July or frost seed December-February Switchgrass - Cave-in-Rock (Panicum virgatum), Seed Packet, True Native Seed 3.2 out of 5 stars 15. There is some concern that biomass crops can serve as a refuge for pests of neighbouring crops. Switchgrass Seeds a perennial grass. Not all of these pests will necessarily survive Ontario’s climate, but could potentially survive in a protected environment (e.g. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. Samson, R., 2007. Plants grow on average to 1.5 m (5′) tall. Crops grown for biomass can tolerate higher levels of insect and disease damage than those grown for food or ornamental use. 550 seed/gram. Switchgrass is a perennial, warm-season grass sod forming grass that is native to much of North America. Switchgrass ‘Cave In Rock’ is a rhizomatous, warm-season bunchgrass that is native throughout most of the U.S. Many native plants will not bloom until the second year of growth when grown from seed. Prices listed are based on pure live seed weight, not bulk weight. Switchgreen is a new company seeking producers in Eastern Ontario. Switchgrass bales will be processed into biomass fuel pellets. Then, when switchgrass was recognized as having the … Switchgrass Seeds 8085 (Panicum virgatum). Some features of this website require Javascript to be enabled for best usibility. No current Ontario fertility recommendations exist. Quality Standards & Organic Certification. Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial bunchgrass native to much of the United States. Prior to European settlement, it grew widely across Midwestern US, and was the primary species of the tallgrass prairie. Title: Biomass Heat in Ontario-A Pioneer In Making it Happen Author: Ian D. McDonald Created Date: 2/15/2011 1:13:44 PM Switchgrass, a warm season, vigorous perennial can be found growing throughout the United States. Samson was one of several speakers talking about switchgrass at a recent meeting at the farm of Don Nott, a leader in Ontario switchgrass production, near Clinton. Lawn seed store Valuable as livestock forage, wildlife habitat, erosion control and biofuel source. Approximate seeds per lb: 259,000 Seeding Rate: Expect to apply about 8 lb per acre. This Ontario native grass is used in pasture, for erosion control, in wildlife plantings and as an ornamental grass. However, they are either significant concerns for closely related plants in Ontario, or are reported on this crop in other production areas. Switchgrass Seed. May need to be ground and densified for the biofuels market. greenhouse, storage facility). Switchgrass is a perennial grass that creates large volumes of biomass that can be used for straw, animal feed and can be processed into many products. Most native grasses do best when planted in the fall, between Oct. 15th and Nov. 15th. Due to its height and deep root system, switchgrass can become dominant over other natives over time. During the establishment year, native species plantings should be watered when dictated by the weather. Switchgrass also provided good habitat and protection for upland game birds such as pheasant, quail, and grouse. Images. The seed is utilized by song and game birds. Keep in mind should ideal growing conditions not occur, the seed may go dormant and not germinate until the spring of the following year. Evaluation of Nitrogen Fertilization in C4 Grasses Grown for Bioenergy, Report on Literature Review of Agronomic Practices for Energy Crop Production under Ontario Conditions, Switchgrass Production in Ontario: A Management Guide, Planting and Managing Switchgrass as a Dedicated Energy Crop. Ontario research indicates some yield response to nitrogen rates up to 160kg N/ha..  N fertilizer should not be applied during the seeding year because it encourages weed competition. At home in almost any soil (except for very wet ones), it serves as an excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover and makes a superb soil stabilizing plant in poor soil sites. A late fall sowing naturally stratifies any seed that may be dormant. Switchgrass for Ethanol & Biodiesel Switchgrass is highly adaptive. Mature stands are drought tolerant, but produce less yield under dry conditions. Spring harvest will result in lower yields, but the grass will be of higher quality for combustion. There are few to no pest control products registered on this crop. Albert Lea Seed is Open for Curbside-Pickup Only.. Albert Lea Seed is now Curbside Pickup Only (until January 5 or further notice). Video: Ontario Switchgrass Field Day Interview with Don Nott of Clinton, Ontario At the Ontario switchgrass field day, Don Nott is interviewed and discusses biomass markets and his 4th year seed field of RC Big Rock upland switchgrass. When used as part of a mix, ensure that the mix consists of not less than 1.0% and not more than 50.0% of the total. Switchgrass is an important forage plant and potential source of biomass for biofuel production. This warm season bunch forming grass produces attractive conical seed heads which turn a golden brown in fall. Quality is determined by the market. Small seeded crops require good seed to soil contact and finely prepared seedbeds. You can grow it from the Rocky Mountains of Canada all the way to the Gulf of Mexico. Weed control will likely be necessary during the first one to two years as weeds will compete with establishing plants.To date the following pests have been the most significant in Ontario: rust. Two harvests possible if used as a forage crop. Only 20 left in stock - order soon. In 1999, with the owner retiring, General Seed was sold to employees. OSC Seeds is the largest wholly Canadian-owned and operated packet seed company, offering a full line of products including over 30 herbs, 250 vegetables, ... From our central facility in Kitchener, Ontario, we can ship from coast to coast across Canada. Switchgrass, Panicum virgatum, is the most productive and commonly talked about native, warm season grass being considered as a feedstock for alternative fuels and sustainable fiber.There are a number of studies claiming significant energy returns using Switchgrass as a solid fuel in the form of switchgrass pellets or as a feedstock for cellulosic ethanol. Switchgrass is an important element in any tall prairie grass planting. Perennial Farm Marketplace Panicum v. Serving Ontario, Quebec and the Maritimes, General Seed has been blessed with massive growth and expansion over the … Hardiness Zone. $84.99. Pure live seed is a measure of the amount of live seed in a bulk seed lot. Tall panic grass, tall prairiegrass, thatchgrass, Close Relatives: Other Panicum species, proso millet, foxtail millet, Uses and Markets: Industrial (fibre, biocomposites, paper, bioenergy), animal feed and bedding. In Southern Ontario farmers are achieving dry matter yields of 7-12 t/ha (3 to 5 tonnes per acre). $8.95. This warm season bunch forming grass produces attractive conical seed heads which turn a golden brown in fall. Switchgrass has numerous roots reaching to 10 feet deep, as well as underground rhizomes making it … Depends on end use. Learning how to plant switchgrass by either frost seeding or using a no till drill, will offer you 2 sure-fire ways … Switch Grass is planted in the spring using a standard seed drill. Other Potential Pests: The following pests have not been observed on this crop in Ontario. Switchgrass is one of the easiest forms of wildlife cover to plant and if planted correctly, switchgrass can be fully established after only 2 Summers of growth! Machine harvest; Standard field-crop equipment including sickle mowers, haybines, and round balers. Order switchgrass seed for winter and bedding cover from the seed specialist experts at Millborn Seeds. The stem is round, hollow, and usually, has a reddish tint. Many farmers prefer Switchgrass to other varieties of native grasses because of the har… This allows nutrients to move back into the roots and leach back into the soil. It grows in a clumpy form from 3 to 9 feet tall, with light blue-green leaf blades, and an open panicle seed head. The first field scale plantation of switchgrass in Ontario was planted at the farm of Rick Rutley of Berwick, Ontario in 1997. Special Notes. Please enable Javascript to run. It was promoted for its wildlife benefits and all of that years ago. 2011. Production Life Cycle in Ontario. It is a major component of the Tallgrass Prairie ecosystem. Click here for phosphorus and potassium application guidelines and for more information on specialty crop fertility. If you're not from Ontario, don't go away! The following year’s growth adapts easily to local climate and soil conditions needing only what nature provides. When one compares a well managed cool season legume, grass pasture to Switchgrass pasture in this location, the majority of the advantages are with the cool season pasture. *Indicates pests commonly mentioned as causing significant damage or economic loss to this crop in other regions. It grows to a height of 3 to 8 feet tall, depending on the variety. Researcher Marlene Paibomesai talks about the use of biomass as an animal feed component. Welcome to the Ontario Grasses, Sedges & Rushes website Your "online field guide" to Ontario's grasses, sedges and rushes: This website is all about grasses, sedges & rushes that grow in Ontario (Canada). High quality grass seed is the foundation of a healthy lawn. With a wide range of products for your home lawn, cottage, park / playground, sports field and roadside, Speare Seeds is pleased to offer grass seeds that are 99.9% weed-free. In order to keep our employees safe, and to keep receiving, shipping, and cleaning seed, we are taking some short-term measures to … In-Row Spacing When to frost seed, how to frost seed and why to frost seed clover, switchgrass and brassicas can be found in this video. If deficiencies of P and K exist (less than 10 ppm or 22 kg P/ha, less than 90 ppm or 202 kg K/ha), these nutrients can be applied and cultivated into the soil before planting. 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